001/**
002 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
003 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
004 * distributed with this work for additional information
005 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
006 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
007 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
008 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
009 *
010 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
011 *
012 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
013 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
014 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
015 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
016 * limitations under the License.
017 */
018package org.apache.hadoop.hbase.http;
019
020import java.io.File;
021import java.io.IOException;
022import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
023import java.net.URL;
024import java.security.Principal;
025import java.security.PrivilegedExceptionAction;
026import java.util.Set;
027import javax.security.auth.Subject;
028import javax.security.auth.kerberos.KerberosTicket;
029import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
030import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseClassTestRule;
031import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseCommonTestingUtil;
032import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.http.TestHttpServer.EchoServlet;
033import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.http.resource.JerseyResource;
034import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.testclassification.MiscTests;
035import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.testclassification.SmallTests;
036import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.SimpleKdcServerUtil;
037import org.apache.hadoop.security.authentication.util.KerberosName;
038import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
039import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
040import org.apache.http.auth.AuthSchemeProvider;
041import org.apache.http.auth.AuthScope;
042import org.apache.http.auth.KerberosCredentials;
043import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
044import org.apache.http.client.config.AuthSchemes;
045import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
046import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
047import org.apache.http.config.Lookup;
048import org.apache.http.config.RegistryBuilder;
049import org.apache.http.impl.auth.SPNegoSchemeFactory;
050import org.apache.http.impl.client.BasicCredentialsProvider;
051import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
052import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
053import org.apache.kerby.kerberos.kerb.KrbException;
054import org.apache.kerby.kerberos.kerb.client.JaasKrbUtil;
055import org.apache.kerby.kerberos.kerb.server.SimpleKdcServer;
056import org.ietf.jgss.GSSCredential;
057import org.ietf.jgss.GSSManager;
058import org.ietf.jgss.GSSName;
059import org.ietf.jgss.Oid;
060import org.junit.AfterClass;
061import org.junit.BeforeClass;
062import org.junit.ClassRule;
063import org.junit.Test;
064import org.junit.experimental.categories.Category;
065import org.slf4j.Logger;
066import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
067
068/**
069 * Test class for SPNEGO authentication on the HttpServer. Uses Kerby's MiniKDC and Apache
070 * HttpComponents to verify that a simple Servlet is reachable via SPNEGO and unreachable w/o.
071 */
072@Category({MiscTests.class, SmallTests.class})
073public class TestSpnegoHttpServer extends HttpServerFunctionalTest {
074  @ClassRule
075  public static final HBaseClassTestRule CLASS_RULE =
076      HBaseClassTestRule.forClass(TestSpnegoHttpServer.class);
077
078  private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TestSpnegoHttpServer.class);
079  private static final String KDC_SERVER_HOST = "localhost";
080  private static final String CLIENT_PRINCIPAL = "client";
081
082  private static HttpServer server;
083  private static URL baseUrl;
084  private static SimpleKdcServer kdc;
085  private static File infoServerKeytab;
086  private static File clientKeytab;
087
088  @BeforeClass
089  public static void setupServer() throws Exception {
090    Configuration conf = new Configuration();
091    HBaseCommonTestingUtil htu = new HBaseCommonTestingUtil(conf);
092
093    final String serverPrincipal = "HTTP/" + KDC_SERVER_HOST;
094
095    kdc = SimpleKdcServerUtil.getRunningSimpleKdcServer(new File(htu.getDataTestDir().toString()),
096      HBaseCommonTestingUtil::randomFreePort);
097    File keytabDir = new File(htu.getDataTestDir("keytabs").toString());
098    if (keytabDir.exists()) {
099      deleteRecursively(keytabDir);
100    }
101    keytabDir.mkdirs();
102
103    infoServerKeytab = new File(keytabDir, serverPrincipal.replace('/', '_') + ".keytab");
104    clientKeytab = new File(keytabDir, CLIENT_PRINCIPAL + ".keytab");
105
106    setupUser(kdc, clientKeytab, CLIENT_PRINCIPAL);
107    setupUser(kdc, infoServerKeytab, serverPrincipal);
108
109    buildSpnegoConfiguration(conf, serverPrincipal, infoServerKeytab);
110
111    server = createTestServerWithSecurity(conf);
112    server.addUnprivilegedServlet("echo", "/echo", EchoServlet.class);
113    server.addJerseyResourcePackage(JerseyResource.class.getPackage().getName(), "/jersey/*");
114    server.start();
115    baseUrl = getServerURL(server);
116
117    LOG.info("HTTP server started: "+ baseUrl);
118  }
119
120  @AfterClass
121  public static void stopServer() throws Exception {
122    try {
123      if (null != server) {
124        server.stop();
125      }
126    } catch (Exception e) {
127      LOG.info("Failed to stop info server", e);
128    }
129    try {
130      if (null != kdc) {
131        kdc.stop();
132      }
133    } catch (Exception e) {
134      LOG.info("Failed to stop mini KDC", e);
135    }
136  }
137
138  private static void setupUser(SimpleKdcServer kdc, File keytab, String principal)
139      throws KrbException {
140    kdc.createPrincipal(principal);
141    kdc.exportPrincipal(principal, keytab);
142  }
143
144  private static Configuration buildSpnegoConfiguration(Configuration conf, String serverPrincipal,
145      File serverKeytab) {
146    KerberosName.setRules("DEFAULT");
147
148    conf.setInt(HttpServer.HTTP_MAX_THREADS, TestHttpServer.MAX_THREADS);
149
150    // Enable Kerberos (pre-req)
151    conf.set("hbase.security.authentication", "kerberos");
152    conf.set(HttpServer.HTTP_UI_AUTHENTICATION, "kerberos");
153    conf.set(HttpServer.HTTP_SPNEGO_AUTHENTICATION_PRINCIPAL_KEY, serverPrincipal);
154    conf.set(HttpServer.HTTP_SPNEGO_AUTHENTICATION_KEYTAB_KEY, serverKeytab.getAbsolutePath());
155
156    return conf;
157  }
158
159  @Test
160  public void testUnauthorizedClientsDisallowed() throws IOException {
161    URL url = new URL(getServerURL(server), "/echo?a=b");
162    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
163    assertEquals(HttpURLConnection.HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED, conn.getResponseCode());
164  }
165
166  @Test
167  public void testAllowedClient() throws Exception {
168    // Create the subject for the client
169    final Subject clientSubject = JaasKrbUtil.loginUsingKeytab(CLIENT_PRINCIPAL, clientKeytab);
170    final Set<Principal> clientPrincipals = clientSubject.getPrincipals();
171    // Make sure the subject has a principal
172    assertFalse(clientPrincipals.isEmpty());
173
174    // Get a TGT for the subject (might have many, different encryption types). The first should
175    // be the default encryption type.
176    Set<KerberosTicket> privateCredentials =
177            clientSubject.getPrivateCredentials(KerberosTicket.class);
178    assertFalse(privateCredentials.isEmpty());
179    KerberosTicket tgt = privateCredentials.iterator().next();
180    assertNotNull(tgt);
181
182    // The name of the principal
183    final String principalName = clientPrincipals.iterator().next().getName();
184
185    // Run this code, logged in as the subject (the client)
186    HttpResponse resp = Subject.doAs(clientSubject, new PrivilegedExceptionAction<HttpResponse>() {
187        @Override
188        public HttpResponse run() throws Exception {
189          // Logs in with Kerberos via GSS
190          GSSManager gssManager = GSSManager.getInstance();
191          // jGSS Kerberos login constant
192          Oid oid = new Oid("1.2.840.113554.1.2.2");
193          GSSName gssClient = gssManager.createName(principalName, GSSName.NT_USER_NAME);
194          GSSCredential credential = gssManager.createCredential(gssClient,
195              GSSCredential.DEFAULT_LIFETIME, oid, GSSCredential.INITIATE_ONLY);
196
197          HttpClientContext context = HttpClientContext.create();
198          Lookup<AuthSchemeProvider> authRegistry = RegistryBuilder.<AuthSchemeProvider>create()
199              .register(AuthSchemes.SPNEGO, new SPNegoSchemeFactory(true, true))
200              .build();
201
202          HttpClient client = HttpClients.custom().setDefaultAuthSchemeRegistry(authRegistry)
203                  .build();
204          BasicCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = new BasicCredentialsProvider();
205          credentialsProvider.setCredentials(AuthScope.ANY, new KerberosCredentials(credential));
206
207          URL url = new URL(getServerURL(server), "/echo?a=b");
208          context.setTargetHost(new HttpHost(url.getHost(), url.getPort()));
209          context.setCredentialsProvider(credentialsProvider);
210          context.setAuthSchemeRegistry(authRegistry);
211
212          HttpGet get = new HttpGet(url.toURI());
213          return client.execute(get, context);
214        }
215    });
216
217    assertNotNull(resp);
218    assertEquals(HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK, resp.getStatusLine().getStatusCode());
219    assertEquals("a:b", EntityUtils.toString(resp.getEntity()).trim());
220  }
221
222  @Test(expected = IllegalArgumentException.class)
223  public void testMissingConfigurationThrowsException() throws Exception {
224    Configuration conf = new Configuration();
225    conf.setInt(HttpServer.HTTP_MAX_THREADS, TestHttpServer.MAX_THREADS);
226    // Enable Kerberos (pre-req)
227    conf.set("hbase.security.authentication", "kerberos");
228    // Intentionally skip keytab and principal
229
230    HttpServer customServer = createTestServerWithSecurity(conf);
231    customServer.addUnprivilegedServlet("echo", "/echo", EchoServlet.class);
232    customServer.addJerseyResourcePackage(JerseyResource.class.getPackage().getName(), "/jersey/*");
233    customServer.start();
234  }
235}